Martha Argerich, Gidon Kremer, Yuri Bashmet, Mischa Maisky,
Brahms: Piano Quartet No. 1, Op. 25 / Schumann: Fantasiestücke, Op. 88
Brahms: Piano Quartet No.1 Op.25 IV. Rondo - Martha Argerich, Gidon Kremer, Yuri Bashmet, Mischa Maisky
The Piano Quartet in G minor, Op. 25, was composed by Johannes Brahms between 1856 and 1861. It was Clara Schumann who owned this masterpiece, as she was the pianist for the first performance in 1861 in Hamburg. It was also played in Vienna on November 16, 1862, with Brahms himself at the piano supported by members of the Hellmesberger Quartet. Like most piano quartets, it is scored for piano, violin, viola and cello.
Rondo alla Zingarese: Presto
This fast rondo (marked ‘presto’) is in G minor in duple time. The subtitle “Rondo alla zingarese” has given it the nickname “Gypsy Rondo.” Like many of Brahms’s finales, this uses as its principle theme a very fast, rhythmic, tonal, simple idea (see the finales to his Piano Quintet and Double Concerto), this one covering an irregular number of measures. The formal design resembles: ABACDBCADCBA, although the movement is more nuanced than this because each section is in ABA form and cadenzas occasionally interject between sections. This movement is notable for its difficulty, rhythmic and metrical complexity, and harmonic exploration (for instance, after the final D section, the piano plays a cadenza based on the B section that modulates from G minor to F-sharp minor), and has remained one of the most difficult movements to perform in all of Brahms’s chamber music.